Table 3.

Principles for Assessing Professionalism in Medical Learners and Practicing Physicians (based on Table 4 of Mueller, 200933 with permission of The Keio Journal of Medicine).

Multiple assessment tools should be used:
  • ➢ Tests of knowledge (i.e. “cognitive base”)
  • ➢ Multi-source 360-degree reviews (e.g. by faculty members, peers, allied health care staff [e.g. nurses], and others)
  • ➢ Objective structured clinical examinations
  • ➢ Patient assessments
  • ➢ Simulation
  • ➢ Critical incident reports
  • ➢ Reviews of patient complaints and professionalism lapses
Individuals should know they are being assessed for professionalism
Commence at the start and continue throughout individuals’ careers; all levels of the medical hierarchy should be assessed
Assessments should be relevant to the individual’s level of education and specialty setting
Use collected data for formative and summative feedback and professionalism “portfolios”
RMMJ Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal Rambam Health Care Campus 2015 April; 6(2): e0011. ISSN: 2076-9172
Published online 2015 April 29. doi: 10.5041/RMMJ.10195.