Table 1.

Conditions That Should Be Considered in the Differential Diagnosis of PMR and GCA.

Polymyalgia Rheumatica (PMA) Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA)
Elderly-onset rheumatoid arthritis Sinusitis
Fibromyalgia Dental and temporo-mandibular conditions
Shoulder bursitis/tendinitis Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy
Cervical spondylosis Subacute thyroiditis
Ankylosing spondylitis/sacroileitis (early stages) Chronic infections (infective endocarditis, etc.)
Hypothyroidism Trigeminal neuralgia
Viral infections, chronic infections Malignancy
Polymyositis Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
Malignancy
Amyloidosis
RMMJ Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal Rambam Health Care Campus 2016 October; 7(4): e0035.
Special Issue on Rheumatology Guest Editor: Alexandra Balbir-Gurman, M.D.
ISSN: 2076-9172
Published online 2016 October 31. doi: 10.5041/RMMJ.10262.