Table 1.

Possible Underlying Causes of UVCP and Their Incidence.

Reference # of Patients Surgery (%) Neoplasm (%) Idiopathic (%) Trauma (%) Others (%)
Gupta et al.14 112 10.71 34.82 13.39 9.82 31.26
Nerurkar et al.15 85 44.71 14.12 16.47 11.76 12.94
Chen et al.16 259 39.38 31.27 10.81 7.72 10.82
Rosenthal et al.17 827 46.3 13.5 17.6 2.2 20.4
Ozbal Koc et al.18 92 50 9.8 31.5 1.1 7.6
Ko et al.19 161 48.4 11.8 21.7 7.4 10.7
Guha et al.21 50 54.9 7.8 31.4 5.9 0
Parnell & Brandenburg23 86 23 36 11 2.3 27.7
Titche24 128 9.4 39 2.3 10.9 38.4
Shei et al.25 283 22 39 11 14.3 13.7
Terris et al.26 84 34.5 40.5 10.7 8.3 6
Benninger et al.27 280 24 25 20 18 13
Ramadan et al.28 98 29.6 31.6 16.3 7.1 15.4
Yumoto et al.29 422 42.7 22.4 17.4 2.1 15.4
RMMJ Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal Rambam Health Care Campus 2018 January; 9(1): e0009. ISSN: 2076-9172
Published online 2018 January 29. doi: 10.5041/RMMJ.10322.