Table 6.

Treatment Used for Pandemic Diseases.*

Disease Treatment
Smallpox Tecovirimat
Measles Vitamin A
Plague Doxycycline
Cholera Massive rehydration; doxycycline (in adults); azithromycin (in children)
Yellow fever None
Influenza H1N1 Oseltamivir§
Influenza H3N2 Oseltamivir§
Influenza H2N2 Oseltamivir§
AIDS >20 antiviral drugs grouped in 8 classes and >40 combinations of two or more drugs
SARS None
Ebola REGN-EB3**
MERS None
COVID-19 Remdesivir††
*Only approved drugs are included.
Never used in humans. Two million doses stockpiled in the US, in case of bioterror attack.
Other effective antibiotics available.
§Other effective antivirals available.
**Includes three types of antibodies.
††Several other antivirals under investigation.

AIDS, acquired immune deficiency syndrome; COVID-19, coronavirus disease 2019; H1N1, hemagglutinin-1 neuraminidase-1; H2N2, hemagglutinin-2 neuraminidase-2; H3N2, hemagglutinin-3 neuraminidase-2; MERS, Middle East respiratory syndrome; SARS, severe acute respiratory syndrome.

RMMJ Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal Rambam Health Care Campus 2020 July; 11(3): e0027. ISSN: 2076-9172
Published online 2020 July 31. doi: 10.5041/RMMJ.10418.