Table 1.

Description of the Study Population Characteristics.

Variables Overall
n=251
Tertile 1
n=84
Tertile 2
n=83
Tertile 3
n=84
P Value
Age 55.8±13.6 55.1±13.4 57.6±14.9 54.7±12.3 0.338

Sex 0.293
 Male 182 (72.5) 66 (78.6) 57 (68.7) 59 (70.2)
 Female 69 (27.5) 18 (21.4) 26 (31.3) 25 (29.8)

HBP 219 (87.3) 73 (86.9) 77 (92.8) 69 (82.1) 0.149

DM 71 (28.3) 22 (26.2) 22 (26.5) 27 (32.1) 0.754

Gout 18 (7.2) 7 (8.3) 3 (3.6) 8 (9.5) 0.440

CVD 58 (23.1) 19 (22.6) 21 (25.3) 18 (21.4) 0.719

Physical Inactivity 233 (92.8) 78 (92.9) 78 (94.0) 77 (91.7) 0.858

Smoking 51 (20.3) 17 (20.2) 9 (10.8) 25 (29.8) 0.010

Alcohol 118 (47.0) 35 (41.7) 42 (50.6) 41 (48.8) 0.480

NSAIs 47 (18.7) 16 (19.0) 19 (22.9) 12 (14.3) 0.373

Obesity 22 (8.8) 5 (6.0) 8 (9.6) 9 (10.7) 0.570

Overweight 58 (23.1) 25 (29.8) 19 (22.9) 14 (16.7) 0.146

HCV Ac 11 (5.2) 5 (6.8) 5 (7.1) 1 (1.5) 0.241

HBs Ag 6 (2.9) 1 (1.4) 3 (4.3) 2 (3.0) 0.609

HIV Ac 6 (2.9) 2 (2.7) 1 (1.4) 3 (4.5) 0.529

TC High 38 (15.1) 2 (2.4) 14 (16.9) 22 (26.2) <0.001

HDL-c Low 187 (74.5) 47 (56.0) 64 (77.1) 76 (90.5) <0.001

LDL-c High 83 (33.1) 8 (9.5) 25 (30.1) 50 (59.5) <0.001

TG High 73 (29.1) 4 (4.8) 18 (21.7) 51 (60.7) <0.001

AD 194 (77.3) 48 (57.1) 64 (77.1) 82 (97.6) <0.001

ABI 1.16±0.18 1.10±0.11 1.15±0.18 1.22±0.22 <0.001
 Normal 190 (75.7) 79 (94.0) 64 (77.1) 47 (56.0)
 Abnormal 61(24.3) 5 (6.0) 19 (22.9) 37 (44.0)

CVR/10 years <0.001
 Low 186 (74.1) 78 (92.9) 61 (73.5) 47 (56.0)
 High 65 (25.9) 6 (7.1) 22 (26.5) 37 (44.0)

Data are expressed as: mean±standard deviation; or n (%).

ABI, ankle–brachial index; AD, atherogenic dyslipidemia; CVD, cardiovascular diseases; CVR, cardiovascular risk; DM, diabetes mellitus; HBP, high blood pressure; HBs Ag, hepatitis B surface antigen; HCV Ac, hepatitis C virus antibodies; HDL-c, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HIV Ac, human immunodeficiency virus antibodies; LDL-c, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; NSAIs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; TC, total cholesterol; TG, triglycerides.

RMMJ Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal Rambam Health Care Campus 2021 July; 12(3): e0020. ISSN: 2076-9172
Published online 2021 July 20. doi: 10.5041/RMMJ.10443.