Effect of Ozone on Intestinal Epithelial Homeostasis in a Rat
Igor Sukhotnik, Alona Starikov, Arnold G. Coran, Yulia Pollak, Rima Sohotnik, and Ron ShaoulAbstract
Background: The positive effects of ozone therapy have been described in many gastrointestinal disorders. The mechanisms of this positive effect of ozone therapy are poorly understood. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether the use of ozone may potentiate the gut intestinal mucosal homeostasis in a rat model. Methods: Adult rats weighing 250–280 g were randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups of 8 rats each: 1) Control rats were given 2 ml of water by gavage and intraperitoneally (IP) for 5 days; 2) O3-PO rats were treated with 2 ml of ozone/oxygen mixture by gavage and 2 ml of water IP for 5 days; 3) O3-IP rats were treated with 2 ml of water by gavage and 2 ml of ozone/oxygen mixture IP for 5 days. Rats were sacrificed on day 6. Bowel and mucosal weight, mucosal DNA and protein, villus height and crypt depth, and cell proliferation and apoptosis were evaluated following sacrifice. Results: The group of O3-IP rats demonstrated a greater jejunal and ileal villus height and crypt depth, a greater enterocyte proliferation index in jejunum, and lower enterocyte apoptosis in ileum compared to control animals. Oral administration of the ozone/oxygen mixture resulted in a less significant effect on cell turnover. Conclusions: Treatment with an ozone/oxygen mixture stimulates intestinal cell turnover in a rat. Intraperitoneal administration of ozone resulted in a more significant intestinal trophic effect than oral administration.
Rambam Maimonides Med J 2015;6(1):e0006