For Better Orchiopexy, Processus Vaginalis Should Be Dissected and a High Ligation Should Be Performed
Kaan Sonmez, Ramazan Karabulut, Zafer Turkyilmaz, Cem Kaya, Yildiz Pehlivan, and A. Can BasaklarAbstract
Objective: Data on the prevalence of patent processus vaginalis (PPV) and hernia in patients with cryptorchidism are controversial. While some pediatric surgeons do not dissect the processus vaginalis (PV), most prefer to do so to prevent hernia formation and to achieve an effective orchiopexy outcome. This study was performed to evaluate the importance of dissection and high ligation of the PV during treatment of undescended testis (UT).
Methods: The clinical findings and surgical procedures of 55 patients with UT were retrospectively investigated.
Results: The mean patient age was 2.5 (range 1.0–12.0) years. Non-palpable testis (NPT) was located on the right and left side in 39 and 16 patients, respectively. Ultrasonography revealed no testis in 10 patients and an atrophic testis in 7 patients. Seven patients had a parent with an inguinal hernia, and the silk sign or a PPV was detected during inguinoscrotal examination in 22 patients. Undescended testis repair was performed by an inguinal approach in all patients. The inguinal canal was opened in all patients; 42 patients had a wider-than-normal internal ring (>2.5 cm), and the posterior wall of the inguinal canal was consequently weakened. Two-stage orchiopexy was performed in 2 patients, and 15 underwent the Prentiss maneuver. In the remaining patients, the dissection was easily done, and the orchiopexy was performed without any difficulty. Scrotal edema and wound infection occurred in five and two patients, respectively. One patient presented with an atrophic testis, and three had recurrent UT. Inguinal hernia was not observed in any of the patients during the study period, and all procedures were performed on an outpatient basis.
Conclusion: High ligation of the PV is an effective method for successful orchiopexy and prevention of inguinal hernia in patients with NPT and UT.
Rambam Maimonides Med J 2016;7(3):e0020