Are Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte and Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratios Associated with Mortality in Pediatric Trauma Patients? A Retrospective Study
Yusuf Kenan TekinAbstract
Background: There are very limited data on the prognostic capacity of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) for the systemic inflammatory response in pediatric trauma (PT) patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic ability of NLR and PLR on mortality in pediatric trauma patients. Methods: This study looked at 358 PT patients who were admitted to the Cumhuriyet University Hos-pital’s Emergency Department between January 2010 and June 2018. The NLR and PLR were calculated by dividing the blood neutrophil count and blood platelet count, respectively, by the lymphocyte count, at the time of admission. After performing a stepwise logistic regression analysis to determine the predictive factors on the mortality risk of post-traumatic systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to define the optimum cut-off values of the NLR and the PLR parameters for survival. Results: The NLR, and PLR values were significantly higher in survivors than in non-survivors (NLR, 6.2±5.7 versus 2.6±2.5, P<0.001; PLR, 145.3±85.0 versus 46.2±25.2, P<0.001 ). The NLR (odds ratio [OR], 3.21; P=0.048), PLR (OR, 0.90; P=0.032), blood glucose (OR, 1.02; P=0.024), and Injury Severity Score (ISS) (OR, 1.28; P=0.011) were independent predictors of the mortality risk in PT patients. The area under the curve in the ROC curve analysis was 0.764 with a cut-off of 2.77 (sensitivity 70%, specificity 77%) for the NLR; and 0.928 with a cut-off of 61.83 (sensitivity 90%, specificity 85%) for the PLR. Conclusion: Acquiring the NLR and PLR at the time of admission could be a useful predictor for mortality in PT patients.
Rambam Maimonides Med J 2019;10(4):e0022