Is Cirrhotic Cardiomyopathy Related to Cirrhosis Severity?
Subhash Chandra Dash, Beeravelli Rajesh, Suresh Kumar Behera, Naba Kishore Sundaray, and Praveen PatilAbstract
Objective: Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CCM) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients with liver cirrhosis. Yet, it remains an under-diagnosed entity. Further, its relation to the severity of cirrhosis is contradictory. We conducted this study on an Indian population to determine the cardiac dysfunctions in cirrhosis of the liver and correlations with etiologies and cirrhosis severity.
Methods: This study enrolled patients with diagnosed liver cirrhosis without any cardiac disease or conditions affecting cardiac function. All participants were evaluated clinically, electrocardiographically, and echocardiographically. Cirrhosis severity was assessed by scores from the Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) and Child–Turcotte–Pugh (CTP) tests. Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy was defined as diastolic dysfunction and/or systolic dysfunction with QT prolongation.
Results: Ninety-six patients were evaluated, and CTP-A stage of cirrhosis was found in 23 (24%), CTP-B in 42 (43.8%), and CTP-C in 31 (32.3%) cases. Systolic dysfunction was most frequent (P=0.014), and left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly reduced (P=0.001) in CTP-C stage of cirrhosis. Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy was found in 39.6% (n=38) of patients; CCM patients had significantly higher CTP scores (9.6±2.6 versus 8.3±2.3, P=0.012) as well as MELD scores (19.72±4.9 versus 17.41±4.1, P=0.015) in comparison to patients without CCM.
Conclusion: Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy has a positive relationship with the severity of cirrhosis. Systolic function declines with the severity of cirrhosis, and overt systolic dysfunction can be present, particularly in the advanced stage of cirrhosis of the liver.
Rambam Maimonides Med J 2023;14(1):e0001