Clinical Case Report

Idiopathic Eosinophilic Vasculitis: Case Presentation and Literature Review

Adi Broyde and Ori Elkayam


Objective: Idiopathic eosinophilic vasculitis has been described in previous case series as a possible manifestation of hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) in asthma-free patients. A rare disease, it can be classified as an eosinophilic-rich, necrotizing, systemic form of vasculitis that affects vessels of various sizes in these patients. This report shares our experience with the treatment of a patient with eosinophilic vasculitis.

Case Presentation: We present the case of a 45-year-old man who suffered from idiopathic HES manifesting as digital ulcers and peripheral ischemia of both the upper and lower limbs without the involvement of other systems. Diagnosis was made after excluding the primary and secondary causes of eosinophilia. The patient responded well to both corticosteroids and mepolizumab, an interleukin-5 inhibitor, as a corticosteroid-sparing therapy.

Conclusion: Our case of HES-associated vasculitis in an asthma-free patient supports previous reports describing this rare diagnosis of idiopathic eosinophilic vasculitis in recent years. We describe a good response to mepolizumab (interleukin-5 inhibitor) in our patient.

Rambam Maimonides Med J 2023;14(2):e0011