Review Article

Coronary Artery Surgery: Past, Present, and Future

Elizabeth C. Ghandakly, Gabriele M. Iacona, and Faisal G. Bakaeen


Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the most commonly performed and studied major cardiac operation worldwide. An understanding of the evolution of CABG, including the early days of cardiac surgery, the first bypass operation, continuous improvements in techniques, and streamlining of the operation, is important to inform current trends and future innovations. This article will examine how CABG evolved—from techniques to conduits – describing current trends in the field and exploring what lies on the horizon for the future of CABG.

Rambam Maimonides Med J 2024;15(1):e0001