Original Research

Transurethral Resection of the Prostate in Younger Men: Effectiveness and Long-Term Outcomes

Kamil Malshy, Etan Eigner, Anna Ochsner, John Morgan, Ameer Nsair, Borivoj Golijanin, and Michael Mullerad


Objectives: This study aims to investigate the efficacy and outcomes of transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) in the context of younger male patients.

Methods: Males aged ≤55 who underwent TURP at Rambam Health Care Campus from January 2011 to August 2023 were retrospectively reviewed. Clinicodemographic characteristics, indications for surgery, uroflowmetry, pressure-flow study, and early and late postoperative outcomes were collected. Patients with urethral or bladder abnormalities were excluded. Chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests were employed for bivariate analysis.

Results: Inclusion criteria were met by 58 men who underwent TURP at a median age of 52 years (interquartile range [IQR] 49.5–54). Median prostate size was 35 mL (24.5–56), with median prostate-specific antigen of 1.4 ng/mL (0.65–3.1). A total of 60% of patients used α-blockers, and 19% used 5α-reductase inhibitors pre-surgery. Overall, 54 (93.1%) had severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), with 34 (59%) being predominantly emptying and 20 (35%) storage. Most surgeries were performed for refractory LUTS in 38 (66%), followed by urinary retention in 16 (28%). At 6 weeks, 57 (98%) patients were catheter-free. The maximum flow rate and residual volume showed significant improvement from 9 mL/s to 21 mL/s (P=0.01), and from 171 mL to 61 mL (P=0.006), respectively. Pathology revealed benign prostatic hyperplasia in 53 (91.4%), and inflammation in 5 (8.5%). A total of 13 auxiliary procedures were required in 12 patients (20.7%) during follow-up: 7 transurethral bladder neck incisions, 3 re-TURP, 1 meatus widening, and 1 patient required artificial urinary sphincter implantation followed by simple cystectomy for end-stage bladder.

Conclusions: In young men, TURP showed short-term gains in flowmetry and catheter removal rates, but a sustained need for subsequent procedures in the long run. In this unique population, patients should be carefully selected, and alternative, less aggressive, interventions should be considered.

Rambam Maimonides Med J 2024;15(2):e0006